UNIVERSUM: can it be defined ?
IMAGINATION & INFORMATION FIELD: see Theory of the Information Field.
Psychotronic and physical aspects of consciousness.
COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUSNESS AUTOMATISMS:
Biological aspects of consciousness. Universal types of behaviour and reactions. Includes:
- Global mechanisms:
a) Global psychic mechanisms: catharsis, condensation, diffusion, projection, interjection, isolation
b) Mechanisms of the personality: identification, dissociation, compensation mechanisms (compensation, hypercompensation), escape mechanisms (scotomisation, submission, regression, substitution), conversion
- Defence mechanisms: mature, immature, neurotic and narcissistic mechanisms
- Psychosexual development
- Principles of dreams-symbolics of dreams*
- Archetypal experiences of birth** and death
- Other archetypes
INDIVIDUAL UNCONSCIOUSNESS AUTOMATISMS: all automatically ongoing psycho-biological processes of the personality. These processes are based on past experiences, past-life experiences and the subjectively and unconsciously predicted future and their cause is not known by the "self". That is the reason why a person tends to rationalise them.
UNDERSTANDABLE (UN)CONSCIOUSNESS AUTOMATISMS: all automatically ongoing psycho-biological processes of the personality, whose cause can be perceived by the "self".
CONSCIOUSNESS AUTOMATISMS: all automatically ongoing psycho-biological processes of the personality, whose cause is known by the "self".
"SELF" CONSCIOUSNESS: develops by means of identification of the subjective conscious*** with its own function using actual information accessible from the memory (under conditions of blocked memory "self" does not exist).
PURE CONSCIOUSNESS: the live essence of all beings and also the polarity to matter.
* Dreams consist of associated connections of problems and matters, that a person thinks about consciously and unconsciously.
** Under conditions of holotropic breathing a person experiences basic perinatal matrices (S.Grof) in an associated form.
*** Subjective conscious is every entity capable of perceiving reality.
Dedicated to the memory of Carl Gustav Jung
|PSYCHO-BIOLOGICAL MODEL OF PERSONALITY|
|COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUSNESS AUTOMATISMS|
|INDIVIDUAL UNCONSCIOUSNESS AUTOMATISMS|
|CNS ↔ NEUROTRANSMITTERS
(Serotonin, Dopamin, Noradrenalin)
|PHYSIOLOGICAL & ENERGETICAL PROCESSES|
|BIO-CHEMICAL & BIO-PHYSICAL PROCESSES|
|CNS - Central Nervous System|
author: Daniel Gershom
The Outline of Defensive Mechanisms in Standard and Pathology
The defensive mechanisms are divided into 4 groups: mature defensive mechanisms, immature defenses, neurotic defenses and finally narcissistic ones, which correspond with a deepening level of psychical and personal desintegration.
Mature defensive mechanisms
Altruism or unworldly love to other people, charity, philantropy
In this defensive mechanism we speak about recoverable but constructive, instinctively calming (enjoying) service to others. This defensive mechanism is needed to be distinguish from altruistic capitulation which includes leaving of a direct reward or instinctive needs on behalf of the other people's fulfilled needs at the expense of the person themselves, with alternative satisfaction gained by introjection.
Anticipation or foreseeing of the future events - realistic foreseeing or planning of inner sadness and stress.
Rigour or abstention, temperance, abnegation - is directed against all basic, consciously experienced enjoyments and reward results from abnegation.
Humour or open expressing of feelings without any personal stress and without any unpleasant influence on others - it enables the person to bear unpleasant and “horrible“ situations, it leads to distraction.
Sublimation or abreaction of psychical stress resulting from adisability to achieve a goal by an escape to so called higher principles in thinking.
Satisfaction (enjoyment) from an impulse whose aim is included in itself but whose purpose is changed from socially unpleasant into socially valuable.
Sublimation of agressive impulses by plays and sport, enables rather chanelling of insticts as their suppressing or taking attention away from them.
Suppresion or repression is a conscious or semiconscious decision not to pay attention to a conscious impulse or conflict.
Religiousness or fideism is the acceptance of a being who is able potentionally interfere or rule the world and people.
Immature defensive mechanisms
Abreacting or acting out - means the direct expression of the desire or impulse in an activity to avoid the realisation of the accessory affect.
Blocking or abortion, obstruction, stoppage - the temporary inhibition of especially affects but thoughts and impulses too.
Hypochondria - the transformation of remorse into selfremorse and moaning at pains.
Introjection or empathy - the introjection of the love's object includes accepting of the object's characteristics with the aim to create closeness and permanent presence of the object.
Passively aggressive behaviour or aggressiveness - the aggression on an object is expressed indirectly with the direction against the person themselves.
Projection or attributing of their own unknown feelings to other persons - prejudices and jealousy resulting into frustration and anger.
Neurotical defensive mechanisms
Controlling, keeping one's temper, manoeuvreing - an excessive effort to control and manoeuvre experiences and objects in surroundings.
Rellocation - an unconscious transfer from one object to another to solve the conflict.
Dissociation or separation - the modification of character or personal identity's meaning to avoid emotional stress.
Externalisation - the perception of the own personal elements in the outside world and external objects.
Inhibition - the unconscious abandonment of specific ego functions to avoid the anxiety resulting from a conflict.
Intellectualization - the control of affects and impulses by thinking of them instead of their real experiencing. It is the systematical overthinking without any affects which means allocating of the affects to different or substituted content.
Rationalization - justification of attitudes, not acceptable in another way, by incorrect application, explaining of reasons or looking for convincing deciption.
Creating of reactions - controlling of unacceptable impulses by admiting the expression of impulses in the opposite form. Equivalently it is the expression of an impulse in negative.
Repression or suppression - the exclusion or detention of an idea or feeling from wakeful consciousness.
Sexualization - connecting of an object with sexual meaning which they did not have before to knock off anxiety connected with a forbidden impulse.
Narcissistic defense mechanisms
Projection - perception and reacting to unacceptable inner impulses and their contents as if they were outside of an ego.
Negation, renunciation - psychotic negation of outside reality, it can be substituted by fantasy or delusions.
Regression - a return to the previous phases of behaviour to avoid anxieties included in the later ones.
Schizoid fantasy - a tendency to use fantasy and autistic climb-down to solve a conflict and gain a reward.
Somatization - a deffensive change of psychical means into physical symptoms.
Distortion or misrepresentation, mutilation - an outside reality si deformed to be suitable for inner needs.